I have been quiet for the past few weeks, its for the lack of ideas and lack of structure in my life which kept me away. I went back to evaluate where my life was and where I need to be. This led me to write this post on the only money principles you need to follow. As things proceed in life, I will update this again. A lot of this is obvious, but foundational!
Principle #1 : Spend less than you make
Yes, this is obvious but it is the very first step. If you are not able to consistently spend less than what you make, you are sooner or later preparing yourself for a bad situation. The key word here is consistency and not I save when I can.
Principle #2: Plan your big expenses in advance
I am not a big believer in budgets, some people are and its great for them. Instead, I like to plan for my big purchases, this means holiday trips, gifts and other things which can easily derail my monthly savings (and cause frustration). I was able to even plan ahead for the first 6 months of our baby and save accordingly.
Some might tell you to use the envelope method, and that is great too. The point is, discipline and adherence to savings happens when you already structure your spending. The technique of getting there is upto you.
Principle #3: Pay yourself first / Save before you spend
Your first spending with the exception of life essentials like rent, electricity and commute, should be for your savings. Whatever is left after that is what you need to make do with that month.
Principle #4: Understand finance basics
It is quite surprising to know when people do not understand concepts like depreciation, compounding, inflation and opportunity cost. If you do not know them well enough, educate yourself.
Principle #5: Be intentional in your life
This is my biggest
money life advice, you do not need to be a hermit to be financially free, but you do need intention in every significant action of your life. Need a car? Great, plan for it, find the best car which fits your needs (and not your ability to pay). Need a house? Sure, why not, but refrain from buying a house which chains you for next 3 decades.
Do not rationalize bad money decisionsMr A
Start understanding the difference between your needs and wants, and make every action you take on what value it shall bring to your life.
Principle #6: Pick a steady portfolio, automate your investments.
I know many people who are into trading stocks, they want to invest into big potential stocks and sell them at a profit with a short term goal. This is beyond my skill level. I do hold a few select stocks like AAPL, MSFT, BRK or AMZN but all these with a long term hold perspective of atleast a few years.
Unless you have deep knowledge and ability to stomach the risk, you should simply invest into Index Funds / ETFs as a start. I recommend picking ETFs which have low maintenance fees and coverage of an overall market. You might also want to put 10-20% of your savings into bond index funds. My preferred ETF today is A1JX52, you can research more on JustETF.com. The point is, for most of us amateurs, a select portfolio is good enough. If you do this for enough years and without cheating, you may end up being very safe.
Automate everything! If you have a select portfolio, just go to your depot account and setup a sparplan to invest on a fixed date each month into your handpicked choices.. Today all my ETF purchases and even some of my long term stock purchases happen via sparplan.
Principle #7: Stabilize your expenses and find your safety number
If you have made to Principle #7, well done! Once other things are happening as a well oiled machine, its time to think about the future.
Wouldn’t it be great if a risk to your job would not stress you out? What is that number which makes you not worry of sudden life events?
To do this, find your monthly expenses minus any big splurges and multiple it with the number of comfort months you need.
So, if you need 2000 EUR x 12 months = 24,000 EUR is your safety number to survive for an year without a worry in the world.
Principle #8: Do not obsess over money everyday, let this not consume your life!
Money is a means to an end, an essential one at that. Yet, money does not need to be the only thought in your mind unless you are struggling. Find your own meaning, spread love to your family and friends, do your own thing. There there are many life pursuits which are priceless (I sound like a Mastercard commercial!), find that passion!
This also means, do not peek into the bank account or depot account status everyday, specially when your goals are long term!
So those are my 8 money principles, if you think there is something which is worthwhile and missing, give me a shout out in the comments section!